Hepato-Cardiac and Pulmonary Disorders

Hepato-cardiac disorders are defined as the liver disease affecting the heart or the heart disease affecting the liver or the condition affecting heart and liver at the same time. During the Differential diagnosis of liver injury or disease, in a cardiologist, clinical practice, ask for collaboration between the hepatologists and cardiologists. In patients with an advanced liver disease may show and various abnormalities like some diastolic and systolic dysfunctions, reduced cardiac performance. Cardiac evaluation in liver disease patients is important, after a liver transplantation may improve cardiac function or have a reversal effect. Systemic disease with effect liver and heart are congenital, inflammatory and metabolic and alcoholism.

The Hepato-pulmonary disorder which causes low oxygen levels in your blood is associated due to the formation of microscopic intrapulmonary arteriovenous dilations occurring in patients with liver cirrhosis. The mechanism is obscure due to increased hepatic production or decreased hepatic clearance of vasodilators. Due to the overperfusion related to ventilation, causes vascular dilations especially in increased cardiac yield individuals with resulting from systemic vasodilation and people having low oxygen levels in the blood encounter shortness of breath, which can become more severe over time.

 

  • Portal hypertension
  • The hepatopulmonary Syndrome
  • Hepatic hydrothorax

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